The piano is a musical instrument that originated during the Baroque period of music history. The piano incorporates previous keyboard instruments such as the harpsichord, fortepiano, clavichord, and organ.

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How does a piano make noise?

Piano strings travel over a soundboard inside the frame of a piano. When a pianist strokes the piano keys, felted hammers strike the strings. These hammer hits force the strings to vibrate, resulting in the contemporary piano sound we know today. Before entering the piano school Singapore academy, these are the different parts that you should know about a piano.

#1 The exterior rim and lid

These are constructed of hardwood, most often maple or beech. The grand piano rim is carved to accommodate its soundboard, whereas upright pianos have frames in a rectangular prism. Both of these models have a wooden lid that protects the strings and soundboard.

#2 Inner frame

The piano’s inner frame is made of a thick cast iron plate. This iron frame holds the soundboard and the hardwood pinblock in place. Brass guide screws, known as agraffes, are used in the pinblock to keep strings evenly spaced.

#3 Soundboard

The soundboard of a piano is the wooden surface over which the strings vibrate. It stimulates the resonance qualities of string instruments such as the violin, cello, and guitar.

#4 Keyboard

The piano keyboard serves as the instrument’s playing medium. The white keys are frequently referred to as naturals, whereas the black keys are referred to as enharmonic.

#5 Piano action

The piano action is a set of levers that connects the piano keys to the hammers that strike the piano strings. The piano action enables the musician to generate a wide range of dynamics based on the velocity at which the piano keys are struck.

#6 Strings

The strings of a piano run nearly the whole length of the instrument. They are made of tightly wrapped steel wire that extends from tuning pins on the pinblock to hitch pins in the piano’s back. Vibrating strings reverberate in different ways depending on how the piano action strikes them.

#7 Dampers

Dampers are little wooden blocks with felt pads affixed to them. They are supported by strings and do not vibrate unless struck, in which case the damper is lifted. A piano’s topmost treble strings do not have dampers.

#8 Pedals

While most pianos have three pedals, others only have two. Una corda, or soft pedal, refers to the left pedal. It gently moves the entire keyboard action to the right, softening the sound when strings are struck. The middle pedal is referred to as the sostenuto pedal. The last pedal is called the damper pedal, the sustain pedal, and the sustaining pedal variously.

Find out more

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